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Alice in Wonderland (Musical)

Alice in Wonderland
is a musical pantomime by Henry Savile Clark (1841–1893; book and lyrics), Walter Slaughter (music) and Aubrey Hopwood (lyrics), based, with Lewis Carroll's permission,on his books Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. The piece, billed as "A musical dream play in two acts", achieved considerable popularity. At Carroll's request, Slaughter retained the old tunes in the parodies such as "Bonny Dundee".

The pantomime opened on 23 December 1886 at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London. Phoebe Carlo played Alice. The Theatre wrote in its review, "Alice in Wonderland will not appeal to the children alone. ... Mr. Savile Clark has done wonders. ... The play is beautifully mounted, and splendidly acted, Miss Phœbe Carlo being very successful as the little heroine... she played in a delightful and thoroughly artistic fashion, and in this respect she was closely followed by a tiny mite, Miss Dorothy D'Alcort, who plays first the Dormouse. ... Mr. Edgar Bruce, Mr. Walter Slaughter (who has written some charming music for the piece), and Mr. Savile Clark, all deserve unstinted praise." The piece was frequently revived over the next four decades.

Synopsis

Act I, "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland", is in two scenes: "A Forest in Autumn" and "A Glade in Wonderland". Act II, "Through the Looking Glass", consists of four scenes: "Through the Looking Glass"; "The Garden of Live Flowers"; "A Sea-Shore"; and "The Banqueting Hall – The Forest Again." A review in The Theatre summarised the story as follows:

The story runs glibly, opening with a chorus of fairies surrounding Alice asleep in a chair beneath a tree, from there we progress splendidly, making a new acquaintance with all our old friends, the White Rabbit, the Caterpillar, the duchess with her Baby, the Cook with her reckless use of pepper, the Cheshire Cat with his remarkable smile, the Hatter, the Hare, and the Dormouse, who have their perpetual tea party, and treat Alice to conundrums and unconventional rudeness. Then comes a long and brilliant procession, which should fill Alice's heart with awe, if not with admiration, but our heroine is nothing daunted by this large crowd. "Why, they're only a pack of cards," she says, "I needn't be afraid of them?" and so she answers the sanguinary-minded queen of Hearts, in a reckless manner, and refuses to see heads knocked off in such profusion. She then dances with the Cards in a graceful gavotte, and afterwards protects her old friend, the Cheshire Cat, from an undeserved execution. The Gryphon and Mock Turtle then appear, and Alice receives some hints as to a sea education, and the first act of the dream play for children ends with the trial of the Knave of Hearts for eating the tarts, in which Alice's verdict of acquittal is unanimously passed.

In the second act, Mr. Savile Clarke takes us to another book, Through the Looking-glass, and Alice is introduced to the chessmen and Chorus, who dance stiffly for her delectation, then the Red Queen gives her some advice after she has spoken to the live flowers, and Tweedledum and Tweedledee appear. She soon makes friends with these massive twins, and pleads hard when they determine to have a mortal combat, but all to no purpose, and so after she has witnessed the greedy Carpenter and Walrus devour their daily portion of oysters, she assists in arming Tweedledum and Tweedledee for the fray. The arrival of a Crow sends the warriors to speedy flight, and Humpty Dumpty appears on his wall, and so the play goes on until we see Alice once more asleep in her chair, and hear her wake to say, "Oh! I've had such a curious dream!"

Sources

Adaptations
Sequels A New Alice in the Old Wonderland - New Adventures of "Alice" - Alice Through the Needle's Eye - Automated Alice - Wonderland Revisited and the Games Alice Played There - Alice: Otherlands
Retellings Alice's Adventures in Wonderland retold in words of one syllable - Alice in Verse: The Lost Rhymes of Wonderland
Parodies The Westminster Alice - Clara in Blunderland - Lost in Blunderland - John Bull's Adventures in the Fiscal Wonderland - Alice in Blunderland: An Iridescent Dream
Imitations Mopsa the Fairy - Davy and the Goblin - The Admiral's Caravan - Gladys in Grammarland - A New Wonderland - Rollo in Emblemland - Justnowland - Alice in Orchestralia
Reimagining Alice or the Last Escapade - Adventures in Wonderland - The Looking Glass Wars - Alice (miniseries) - Malice in Wonderland (2009) - Alice in Wonderland (2010 film) - Alice in Wonderland: The Vampire Slayer - Alice Through the Looking Glass (film)
Films Alice in Wonderland (1903 film) - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1910 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1915 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1931 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1933 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1949 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1951 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1966 TV play) - Alice in Wonderland or What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This? - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1972 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1976 film) - Alice (1982 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1983 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1985 film) - Alice Through the Looking Glass (1987 film) - Alice (1988 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1988 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1995 film) - Alice in Wonderland (1999 film)
Stage Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (ballet) - Alice in Wonderland (musical) - Alice in Wonderland (opera) - Peter and Alice - Wonder.land
Television Fushigi no Kuni no Alice - Once Upon a Time in Wonderland
Literary Alice in the Country of Hearts - Miyuki-chan in Wonderland
Video games Alice in Wonderland (1985 video game) - Märchen Maze - Wonderland (video game) - Alice: An Interactive Museum - Alice no Paint Adventure - Alice in Wonderland (2000 video game) - American McGee's Alice - Alice in Wonderland (2010 video game) - Alice: Madness Returns
Audio dramas Legend of the Cybermen

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