In Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland, “Underland” is the same world Alice once knew as "Wonderland", but it is revealed that she misheard the name as "Wonderland" when she was a child, but "Underland" is the proper name. Underland is in decline after years of being under the rule of the evil Red Queen. For inspiration, Burton was drawn to a World war II-era photograph of a British family having tea outside their estate under the bleak skyline of war-torn London. "The thing about Underland," Burton explained in a press release, “[is that] like any fairy-tale land, there’s good and the bad.”
- Underland is also the name for all the land under the fictional world of Narnia in the book The Silver Chair by the English author C. S. Lewis.
- Underland is also the name of the land under New York City in "The Underland Chronicles", a five-part series of fantasy novels written by the American author Suzanne Collins.
- Alice in Underland is also the name of a short story by Henry Payson Dowst and a non-fiction book by Wolfgang Zuckermann.